Top 10 Perfumes for the Night out for Women – Best Long Lasting Fragrances

There’s a lot of recent buzz surrounding Michelle Obama’s connection to perfumes. So naturally, the perfume community has been joining in the game we all like to call “Keeping up with the Obamas.” While the rest of America buys J. Crew cardigans and Portuguese Water Dogs, perfumistas are snooping around Michelle Obama’s dressing table for the latest tips in perfumes.Save Money on all your favorite perfume at Sephora Coupon.Recently the Washingtonian reported that Michelle Obama is smitten with Creed Love in White. She apparently loves soft, gracious and sweet perfumes. Love in White, her signature fragrance, is a fresh, crisp mix of orange blossom and citrus notes. But before you even think about running out to get a bottle of Love in White, note the following.
What many may have missed is the earlier reports of Michelle Obama’s wide and varied taste in perfumes. Once a kindergarten boy who met Michelle Obama was in awe that her handshake smelled like a bowl of cherries! Also while in London, First Lady Obama was spotted in the boutique of Boadicea, the high-end artisan British perfume line, splashing out on 3 bottles. Also, Creed recently reported that Michelle Obama loves the gift they sent her: their newest perfume, Acqua Fiorentina, which smells of a fruit orchard in Florence with a mix of plum, bergamot orange, lemon and wood. So besides Michelle Obama, which leading ladies are known for their scent? Here are a few famous women who are known for their penchant for perfumes. These women are known as perfume muses, legendary perfume wearers and legendary perfume collectors.
Like Michelle Obama, Audrey Hepburn also was a fan of Creed, the ultra-chic Anglo brand that runs out of Paris. While Audrey Hepburn wore Creed Spring Flower religiously, Givenchy, a close friend, originally created the luxurious fragrance L’Interdit exclusively for her. She loved L’Interdit so much she was heartbroken when Givenchy suggested that he would market this fragrance. Marilyn Monroe, as many Hollywood fanatics would know, spoke of wearing to bed Chanel No. 5, only. And Donatella Versace, a lover of the fragrant gardenia flower, is an avid perfume collector. She reportedly has a entire room dedicated solely to her perfume collection.Many women, today, are famous for selling their name to make a perfume. Halle Berry, the latest Hollywood actress to join the scrum of celebrity-gone-perfumers, loves mixing mimosa and fig notes. She reportedly layers Mimosa Pour Moi and Premier Figuier, both from L’Artisan Parfumeur. Her recently debuted eponymous fragrance focuses on these sweet notes. Sarah Jessica Parker, the most respected celebrity in the perfume-making world, loves concocting her own scent by layering musk with Comme des Garcons Avignon. Sarah Jessica’s perfume Lovely, accordingly, is a sweet heavy musk scent. Jennifer Lopez, who’s always been more of a self-branding machine more than anything else, is known in the entertainment industry for her major sillage. Sillage which, as many may already know, is the trail of scent left behind by the perfume-wearer. However in Jennifer Lopez’s case, it’s probable that her sillage often precedes her! She loves a number of high end perfumes and reportedly loves to wear her own from the J.Lo line.While there are many actresses who have gone on the record to confess their love for a certain perfume, there are only a handful who have made rather remarkable choices. Probably the most striking is Hillary Duff, the young bubblegum Disney actress who loves very mature and sophisticated oriental fragrances. She has confessed to liking the very sensual Opium from Yves Saint Laurent. Scarlett Johnasson, like many other American actresses, loves to mix aromatic oils, particularly rose and tuberose oils. But what’s more striking is that at the tender age of 10, Scarlett was pulling off some of the most seductive womanly fragrances like Chanel No. 5 and Thierry Mugler Angel. Though it’s very surprising, I suppose it’s something you could expect from this earthy, sensual actress. Katie Holmes also reveals loads with her signature scent. Though she’s a mature mother figure now, her perfume betrays her inner little girl. Her favorite is the innocent and candied Miss Dior Cherie. The ladies of entertainment also love to share what they spritz. The edgy pop-rock singer Shakira loves Bulgari Petits et Mamans, which is a very child-friendly light, powdery floral. That’s something you wouldn’t expect! This, on the other hand, is something you would expect: Jessica Simpson loves the simplistic French brand La Maison de la Vanille–uncomplicated, sweet and pretty (or dare I go as far to say: boring, flat and unremarkable). Legendary songstress Eartha Kitt loved in her later years the masculine floral scent Givenchy Pour Homme. That’s something you could expect from this classy woman of character.It’s difficult to decipher whether models are simply perfume spokespersons or if they actually love the scent that they’re helping market. So here you have it, as these models reveal their fragrant tastes.
Giselle Bundchen, as one could expect, loves the deeply sensual Opium. While Heidi Klum loves soft, clean, soapy fragrances from Prada, Kate Moss loves decadent, chic perfumes like the near century-old Shalimar from Guerlain, Bluebell from the posh line Penhaligon, and another aging classic from Guerlain called L’Heure Bleue. While Heidi Klum’s perfume indicates that despite her high-profile good looks, she’s a practical lady, Kate Moss’ perfumes indicate that despite her playgirl personality–which matches the maturity level of Lindsey Lohan–she harbors a densely sophisticated side. Her public persona may seem age 16, but her perfume reveals more!What do you think of Michelle Obama’s perfume choice? Any other celebrity preferences strike you as interesting? Any new perfume brands or perfumes pique your own interest? If you feel tempted to seek out any of these top brands, be aware that you can snag discount perfume at Perfumania.Have you ever wondered if expensive perfume is worth the splurge? Maybe you accomplished something very important in your life and are ready for a once in a life time treat. While you don’t want to spend the money on something huge like a car or trip around the world, perhaps you are ready to spend some cash on something quite out of the ordinary.Perfumes make nice splurges because you can wear them every day or save them just for special occasions. The truly exclusive perfumes come packaged in stunning bottles that are collectibles themselves, not to mention how beautiful they look on a dressing table.So what makes a perfume expensive? Simply put, the ingredients and the packaging. The very exclusive perfumes use rare ingredients that are not sustainable in the sense that they are not available in high quantities throughout any given year. Almost all expensive perfumes come in beautiful crystal bottles. Some of the world’s most expensive perfumes are only available in very limited quantities which also drives up the price. Let’s take a look at some of the more expensive perfumes in the market place.No 1. by Clive Christian, a british designer turned perfumer, is the world’s most rare, exclusive and expensive perfume. This perfume is said to be produced for the world’s most wealthy and discriminating perfume connoisseur and comes at a cost of $2,150 an ounce. The number of bottles sold is limited to 1,000 per year for both the men’s and women’s lines. The bottle for No.1 is lead crystal with a 24-carat gold plated sterling silver collar. The bottle stopper is designed after the original pattern granted by Queen Victoria.Some of the world’s rarest ingredients are used in the manufacture of this exclusive perfume, including natural aged sandalwood from India that’s so rare it’s under government control. Also used are Tahitian vanilla, bergamot essential oil, orris root essential oil, and ylang ylang essential oil from flowers that are grown specially in Madagascar for No 1.For those who can afford the decadent No.1 perfume, many upgrade to a
completely customized bottle. Sir Elton John did just that when he
requested a custom bottle in the shape of a piano!As a one time “upgrade” to No. 1, Christian sold a limited edition of five bottles of No.1, each 16.9 ounces, and made from Baccarat Crystal with a solid 18-carat gold collar. The bottle collar featured a five-carat brilliant cut white diamond for a truly unique accent. This perfume, called Imperial Magesty, sold for a whopping $215,000!There are two highly interesting things about Caron’s Poivre. The first is that the perfume is unisex, meaning it’s produced for both men and women which is somewhat unique in the high end of the perfume world. The second is that the perfume is produced by one of the last perfume houses to use a Master Perfumer (known in perfume jargon as a “nose”), named Madame Fraysse. The perfume was created in 1954 although the house iBritney Spears – Perfume
From the album ‘Britney Jean.’ Download it now on iTunes: Music Video by Britney Spears performing Perfume. (C) 2013 …

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What is the right fragrance for you? Learn how to pick the right perfume for your body chemistry

Gardenia Elizabeth TaylorMarc Jacobs Daisy PerfumeDolce & Gabbana Light BlueLAir Du Temps by Nina RicciRomance by Ralph Lauren5th Avenue Elizabeth ArdenTuberose GardeniaAnna Sui Flight of FancyPaul Smith RoseGucci Rush

Floral perfumes are those fragrances
that are dominated by one or several types of flower notes. These Perfumes are mostly
feminine and popular with women. Floral perfumes represent the essence of love
and romance and are not only the oldest fragrances but the most popular too. Floral
Perfumes can be Single Floral fragrances with one single flower scent or
several blended together to produce a unique scent. Some of the popular
ingredients of flower based perfumes are Roses, Orange Blossoms, Gardenias,
Jasmine, Carnations, Frangipani, Lotus, Champaka, Lily of the valley, Freesias,
Aldehydes, Tuberose and other expensive natural flower oils. There are several
popular Floral Perfumes from reputed brands like Estee Lauder, Dolce &
Gabbana, Elizabeth Taylor, Ralph Lauren, Nina Ricci, Elizabeth Arden which are
favorites with Women.Given below are my top ten Floral Perfume choices for Women.
1) Gardenia Elizabeth Taylor: Gardenia Elizabeth Taylor Perfume by Elizabeth Taylor was launched in the year 2003. This fragrance has notes of gardenia, jasmine, lily of the valley, orchid, rose, white peony, carnation and musk. This is a beautiful feminine fragrance and great for casual wear.
2) Marc Jacobs Daisy: Marc Jacobs Daisy is one of the top selling floral fragrances. This Perfume was launched in the year 2007. This is a fresh and youthful fragrance and includes notes of gardenia, violet, jasmine, wild strawberry, violet leaves, red grapefruit, musk, vanilla and white woods.
3) Dolce & Gabbana Light Blue: Light Blue for women was launched in the 2001 by the Italian design house Dolce & Gabbana. This is a floral perfume with rose, apple, musk and jasmine notes. This is a light fragrance and great for summer and casual wear.
4) Romance: Romance by Ralph Lauren is a very feminine perfume launched by the Design House of Ralph Lauren in the year 1999 with fresh rose, marigold, violet, oak moss and musk fragrance notes. This fragrance is great as an evening wear.
5) L’Air Du Temps:L’Air Du Temps is a sensual and feminine perfume which was launched by Nina Ricci in 1948. It is a rich floral fragrance of gardenia and jasmine with tones of sandalwood and iris.
6) 5th Avenue: 5th Avenue by Elizabeth Arden was launched by the Design House of Elizabeth Arden in 1996. It is a Floral and semi oriental fragrance with bouquet of lilac, linden blossom, dewy magnolia, mandarin and bergamot notes.
7) Tuberose Gardenia: Tuberose Gardenia by Estee Lauder is a pure mix of tuberose and gardenia. This rich floral fragrance also has notes of jasmine, white lily and orange flower. This fragrance was originally created by Aerin Lauder for herself and her closest friends. However the launch of Private Collection Tuberose Gardenia was made in the year 2007 by Estee Lauder in honor of her Grandmother Aerin Lauder. Another two popular fragrances with Women from Estee Launder are Beautiful and Pleasures.
8) Anna Sui Flight of Fancy: Anna Sui Flight of Fancy was launched by the design house of Anna Sui in 2007. This is a floral fruity and has the note of magnolia, rose blossom, purple rain freesia and litchi.
9) Paul Smith Rose: Paul Smith Rose Perfume is a fresh floral fragrance for women was launched in the year 2007. It comes with a blend of different scents like Turkish rose oil, green tea along with light sparkling smell of magnolia and violet flowers. The perfume receives its further structure and depth with fine touch of cedar. It is a great fragrance for summer.
10) Gucci Rush: Gucci Rush was launched by the Design House Gucci in 1999. It is a long lasting fragrance made from the extracts of fresh peony, freesia, violet, bergamot, jasmine and carnation.
All these fragrances are a hit with women and are ideal as Gifts. These Perfumes cannot fail with women.The Best Ladies Fragrance
Women and perfume. Are you curious and looking for a lovely new designer perfume fragrance for her or do you just want to know which is the latest fantasy to buy for your girlfriend. Here is the best of the top perfumes for women for 2012. Yes this is the right place on Hubpages and the best perfume shop for gifts for your girlfriend!
Dolce and Gabbana perfume and Sarah Jessica Parker perfume are among the 10 latest best perfume and cologne for women. Maybe your girl is more of a romantic and would love to open a bottle of the latest Vera Wang perfume.
Yes guys, this is the time to Indulge in fantasy designer perfumes for the women in your life. Here we have put together an extensive selection of designer perfume fragrance with the best designer scents of the season for you to choose from. Discover the latest trends in scents for women. And just think you both benefit for when she smells so good how can you resist her and she you!Ladies perfume makes the perfect gift for that special lady in your life. Whether it’s your girlfriend or
someone in your family, women young and old cannot resist a designer perfume fragrance. And everyone knows that when it comes ladies, a top perfume makes a
fantastic gift. There are two distinct things about perfume. The bottle and the fragrance. Women can
appreciate each. If this is a gift you choose to give then make sure the designer perfume fragrance is nice and the bottle
represents something special to her as well.You can find a huge variety of fantasy women’s expensive perfumes at a perfume shop or even better on several websites. But with so many perfume shop and websites it can become quite a task. There are top brands for women like Vera Wang and Michael Kors which are the top designer perfume fragrance available in 2010. Curious to know that there are online perfume resource centers where you can search for designer
fragrances by makers like Versace perfume and Armani perfume or you may even find dkny perfumes. So here we have scoured and scanned all the best ladies designer perfume fragrance with the best prices. Read on to find out more.Sarah Jessica Parker
Do you find it curious that so many famous fashion designers as well as famous Celebrity personalities develop designer women’s designer perfume fragrance. A trend setter like Sarah Jessica Parker has a ladies perfume called Lovely. And that just begins to describe why this is one of the best ladies perfume.
There are not many designer perfume fragrance that you could describe as a timeless and ageless fragrance for all trendy women, from 17 to 107. A lovely designer perfume fragrance that was inspired by Sarah Jessica Parker’s love of layering scents. This celebrity perfume is a feminine, chic and beautiful fragrance and that is why is it is one of the best perfume today and will still be a winning fragrance tomorrow. Britney Spears
Curious was launched by Elizabeth Arden and the design house of celebrity Britney Spears in 2005, Fantasy by Britney Spears led the way of the best designer perfume fragrance for women. This pink ladies perfume is one that possesses a blend of kiwi, white chocolate, musk, lychee, jasmine, orchid, and quince. It is recommended for romantic wear. A gift for your girlfriend that will linger through the year.
This best ladies designer perfume fragrance is all about the fantasy that will captivate in a sensual story that ends a spell is cast with a pink surprising finish of Creamy Musk, Enchanted Orris Root, and Sensual Woods. All the ingredients together have made this scent a best seller for years now. No wonder this star keeps coming out with more and more fabulous scents.
Impress your girl with a real fantasy this year. For she is sure to take you along on her journey, And the best part is that it has one great happy ending. Now aren’t you the least bit curious to know the middle of the story?Aquolina PerfumeFashion forward, trendy,stylish and lively, with a curious personality, Pink Sugar Perfume by Aquolina is sweet, yet still a sexy scent, with pink
sugar by aquolina. Distinctive, this yummy scent is long lasting. with a playful blend of vanilla and caramel.
The notes for the perfume are Bergamot, Sicilian Orange, Raspberry, Fig Leaves, Lily of
the Valley, Licorice, Strawberry, Red Fruit, Cotton Candy, Barbe-a-Papa,
Vanilla, Caramel, Musk, Wood, Powder.
It is a pink designer perfume fragrance that has a playful, mischievous and a vey romantic style. Vanilla and cotton candy hair. Could it be any better. Try this once and you will be addicted! Add caramel, raspberry, bergamot, licorice, poweder, fig leaves, orange, strawberry, and wood.By Vera Wang PerfumeEau de Toilette SprayPrincess is a new attitude in high-fashion fragrance. It is a designer perfume fragrance that is playful,
unpredictable, and spirited, yet still underpinned with splendid designer
style.This ladies perfume is a sexy scent that includes a mixture of water lily, apple, mandarin meringue, and golden apricot skin, dark chocolate, amber, musk, and vanilla. For any women perfume that deserve the Princess treatment this is a fashion
fragrance that will channel roPoop Spray Perfume Prank
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<article><div id=”title”><div class=”title_box”><div class=””><h1>Perfume Deja Vu: Kate Moss For YSL Parisienne</h1>

If you’re looking for the top 10 bestselling perfumes either for yourself or as a suitable gift for every occasion, look no further. I have put together for you several top lists of the most popular that are available to buy right now.I love perfumes, I’m a collector of great fragrances for women, and right now I have over 30 perfume bottles – with more coming along the way. Smelling good and having great smells surrounding me is just part of who I am (I also love aromatherapy for the very same reason actually, besides the its healing benefits).This is why I have put together the top ten best-selling perfumes this year in one place without having to hunt down various websites in search of what is popular in the world of fragrances at the moment.Popular right now: Eternity Perfume by Calvin Klein for womenYou can stay up to day with the latest happenings in the world of fragrances and buy your perfumes at a low price from a very trusted source. Don’t forget to bookmark this page so you don’t lose it when you need it next!Btw, best perfumes don’t always mean the latest – so for example Taylor Swift Taylor, a new EDP that I’m already lusting for – made in the name of the American young singer Taylor Swift seems great, but it might just not make the top 10 list – at least not my list – until I had a chance to try it out and also saw it on lists of prominent sites like Fragrantica (of which I am also a member).Here is my own compiled list of top 10 EDP for women to enjoy. Some are already a classic, like the Eternity by Kalvin Klein because they’ve been around for ages and they stood the test of time without even wavering. Others are newer entries and they have been picked up immediately because they’re simply so good.I hope you enjoy my list and find something that you haven’t tried yet!There are many different types of fragrances for women and for men, and I think it’s good to have a quick rundown on which is which. When buying the best of the best, the prices can vary quite a lot depending on the concentration, along with size, of course. So this is what I know about the different types of perfumes:* Eau de parfume (EDP) – Eau de parfum is stronger and more concentrated than eau de toilette. Usually it lasts longer and even though the price is higher, you get more out of wearing it.Just as an example, eau de parfum has 7-15% perfume concentrates, while eau de toilette has only 1-6% perfume concentrates.* Eau de toilette (EDT) – While eau de toilette is lighter than the EDP, it is perfect for summer wear when you want to have something fresh on that doesn’t overpower. It is also quite cheap compared to the perfume version, so if you’re budget is tight, this is the fragrance type to get.* Eau de cologne – Eau de cologne is the lightest version of a fragrance (except for body sprays which are even lighter), and it’s not only the cheapest but also last less on the skin.So what is the EDC useful for? If you are a person who loves smelling good, without wanting to feel it on yourself too much, or if you have a job where wearing perfume is rather objected to, a light eau de cologne is the perfect balance between smelling good without annoying others with your fragrance or breaking any work rules.*Parfume de toilette – This is a term that was specifically used by Guerlain, but even they changed their nomenclature to EDP and EDT. You might find the name PDT on some vintage bottles – you should treasure them because they no longer exist to buy in shops.Image credits: Creative Commons FlickrBecause the perfumes are the most concentrate of all fragrances, when you put some on, you have to really take care to not overdo it, especially when we don’t feel our own perfume as much as the next person in line does.However you also want to put it on to last for a few hours without the smell disturbing anyone else around you.So here are the places/areas where the really strong perfume should be applied most of all:At the pulse points, especially on the wrist. Here the blood vessels are very close to the actual skin, so these areas are a bit warmer than other parts of the body for the most part. So the inner wrist, the area behind the ear lobes, the inner side of the elbows and at the base of the throat are some of the best places for the real EDP.If you have it in form of spray, simply apply once to the area you want. One thing I’ve noticed many women doing is to rub the wrists together (e.g. if they dabbed the spray on the wrist). Avoid doing this as it will basically crush the scent and it will evaporate so much faster.Also something else I’ve seen done is to spray a bit of perfume in the air, and then simply walking below it to let the tiny droplets come in contact with the hair and skin. This is great, but when you do it this way, some of the fragrance will go to waste by not touching the body, and especially since the real EDPs are quite expensive, I don’t think it’s really wise to apply it this way. Of course the eau de toilette or other lower concentration fragrances that cost less will not have this particular worry.Dolce & Gabbana Light BlueCHECK PRICECk One by Calvin KleinCHECK PRICEBurberry Brit For WomenCHECK PRICEPink Sugar For WomenCHECK PRICEEd Hardy for WomenCHECK PRICEThe top 5 ones listed above are my favorite EDT brands as they smell heavenly, but not overpoweringly so. Also they are much cheaper than the very concentrated perfume, so I can use it more often without being afraid that it will end soon. Actually the price of the EDT is a fraction of a serious EDP on the market. Perfect to give as gift when you don’t want to break the bank!When it comes to the Eau De Toilette (EDT), this usually comes in sprays for easier dispersion because it is not as concentrated as the EDP. It is much ligher, and it can be applied much more generously because it is also much cheaper than the more concentrated type.I like to mostly apply it in the morning, and the EDT can be used even when you go regularly to a 9-5 job. As it’s not as strong as the concentrated type, the others around you won’t feel it as much – if at all.What I usually do is simply spray the EDT on my – or around me, and if I want to be really generous, I also apply a bit on my hair, as this seems to give it a more lasting effect. During the days when I prefer to use eau de toilette instead of EDP, I apply it twice – once in the morning, and once in the afternoon.I’ve been asked several times what are some of the best perfumes to wear at work, since the EDP is strong enough to cause headaches among co-workers, and make them keep their distance from the person wearing it without caution.Here is my short list that I think is suitable for work, as well as for wearing pretty much all year around. Just make sure when you apply it to add it with caution. Just because you can’t feel the smell, it doesn’t mean others can’t feel it either.* Bvlgari Omnia Green Jade – a feminine fragrance that is not overpowering. It’s rather clean and fresh and people usually don’t have a problem with this one around them.* White Linen Estée Lauder for women – another lovely floral scent that is usually well liked around. It is an elegant rather a seductive note, and it goes well in an office* Stella Nude Stella McCartney – I just recently got to smell this and I was in love. It’s a bit seductive, but not overpoweringly so. It has hints of flowers and rose, with a bit of citrus and pepper that evaporates rather fast. I like how the roses stayed with me for several hours after putting it on my wrist. It seems to be well liked overall.Image credits: Creative Commons FlickrThis fall 2009 Parisienne, the latest hot perfume to come from Yves Saint Laurent, will hit the stores. Over the past few months, Kate Moss has been spotted in front of the Eiffel Tower in some gorgeously seductive YSL outfits. Despite this new look and a new campaign, everyone seems to have some doubt about the overall newness of YSL Parisienne. Is YSL Parisienne just another version of YSL Paris?Do you Want to save $ on all your favorite perfume? Click the link to save 10% or more with a FragranceX Coupon! Limited Supply so act fast.Let’s think this one through. YSL Parisienne and YSL Paris: the concepts behind both perfumes are, undeniably, Paris. YSL Parisienne, as it was recently announced, is focused on the essence of a Parisienne–the fact that any woman can embody the character of a woman from Paris, fearless in her approach to love and to life. YSL Paris circles the concept of Paris in springtime–living life to its fullest, loving with all your heart, enjoying both simplicity and passion. Off the bat, both YSL Paris and YSL Parisienne seem to share some similarities. Don’t you think?“That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” As stated in the most classic love story of all time: a rose is a rose, no matter the name. Paris or Parisienne, whatever you choose to call the juice, it’s a rose scenBritney Spears – Perfume
From the album ‘Britney Jean.’ Download it now on iTunes: Music Video by Britney Spears performing Perfume. (C) 2013 …

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Best Perfumes from Top French Perfume Houses

Perfume is not just a fragrance; it is the essence of beauty. It can provoke and invoke, suggest or initiate sensation and feelings. It exudes sophistication and mystery. The power of scent goes beyond a distilled portion in a bottle, it is signature of the wearer and the art of wearing perfumes has never been more popular. The business of smelling good with the help of fragrances dated back to ancient times. Anthropologists suggest that the earliest perfumery begin with the burning of gums and resins as incense. Eventually, richly scented plants were incorporated to make it pleasant to the sense of smell, while performing religious cleansing rituals. History accords the Mesopotamians with the use of incense as fragrance some 4,000 years ago. Its use was then adopted by the Chinese, Hindus, the Israelites, Carthaginians, the Arabs and then the Greeks and Romans.
And who can blame them? After all, a very large part of the human genome (about 1,500 of our 30,000 human genes) is used to code the receptors of smell. Smell, as we know, play a very important part in our human existence and we often associate smell with events, memories, places or people. We gravitate towards pleasing smells. We have to thank Avicenna, the 11th century Alchemist and Physician for discovering how to extract the scent of flowers and preserving it with alcohol distillation. The art of perfumery continued to this day with more and more experimentations on how to incorporate different bases to make tantalizing scents.So what is the basis for this fascination with fragrances?
1. Sets Up a Mood
Scientific studies show that there is a close relationship between scents and the emotional side of our brain. Putting on the right fragrance can put you in the right mood. Feeling a little down? Try a floral or fruity scent like Bergamot (citrus fruit from Italy) or give yourself an energy lift with a scent infused with Ylang Ylang. Wiped-out?—choose a pick-me-upper with Geranium. Lavender clams, Patchouli flirts. Choose one that is in keeping with your goal for the day.
And while we’re on the topic of moods—perfume experts say that the best time to buy a perfume is when you’re in a good mood. Why? Your sense of smell is at a peak and you’re able to distinguish the subtle tones of various fragrances.
2. Boosts Confidence
Wants to exude confidence? Allow your favorite fragrance to do just that. In a study done at the University of Liverpool, participants were divided into 2 groups: One group was not allowed to shower for 2 days and the other group was asked to wear AXE body spray. Women were asked their opinions of these men through the use of video tape, no close proximity allowed. Results? The women favored the men wearing AXE body spray. Conclusion? AXE men projected more confidence.
Fragrance affects the limbic system, the part of the brain that controls the seat of emotions. A good smell can put you in a positive spirit that can set you apart in the crowd.
3. Enhances Sensuality and Sexuality
Many perfume commercials in glossy magazines and on television promise sex appeal. It promises to accentuate your sensuality or sexuality and make you more appealing. Ask Cleopatra, she knew a thing or two about that—she cleverly used aromatic essences to aid her many amorous escapades.
Specifically, pheromones enhanced perfumes work on the principle of sexual attraction. Pheromones are also known as “secret seducers,” that can affect biological processes and make one more attractive to the partner. Consider these commonly used scents for their aphrodisiac properties:
a. Patchouli—sweet, earthly, musky scent that is considered very sexy. While it may be too strong on its own, when combined with other notes in a perfume, it can provoke sensuality.
b. Ylang Ylang—strong, womanly scent. May be overpowering on its own, but when used lightly or blended with other scents, can put one in a romantic mood. It is ideal for the romantic night out.
c. Jasmine—the essence of a dainty white flower, Jasmine is sensual and exerts an effect on the female hormones. It is often used in aromatherapy to balance hormones and to boost confidence. It also has a strong erogenous effect on people in general.
d. Musk—potent masculine scent. When blended with other scents, it promotes an air of mystery.4. Therapeutic and Practical Purposes
Although fragrances and perfumes are often associated with aesthetic uses, they can serve very practical purposes too. In such cases, essential oils or nature’s fragrances extracted from plants are used. Researches have shown how essential oils can be used to stimulate, rejuvenate and balance our delicate life-support systems. The Chinese have long supported the use of aromatic herbs for medicinal purposes from as early as 2697 B.C. in the Chinese Yellow Emperor of Internal Medicine.
More and more researches are promoting the use of essential oils for holistic healings. The University of Cincinnati, America, found that the use of Lily-of-Valley and peppermint oils can improve task concentration by 15 to 20%. Eucalyptus is often used to ease congestion and treat sinuses. Sweet orange and vanilla are often used to diffuse stress and enhance calmness. Tea Tree Oil, spicy oil from Australia has been commonly used as an antiseptic from dental products to skin care. Rosemary and Bergamot are commonly used to fight depressionShould You Wear Perfume to Work?

Why Use Natural Perfumes?

How Long Will Perfume Last?WIth many different brands of perfumes out there, which do you choose?There are basically 8 scents: Aldehyde, aromatic, aquatic, citrus/fruity, floral, oriental, gourmand and green. Your choice should be based on personal preference, how your body interact with the perfume and what you’re hoping the perfume would do for you.
If you’re undecided, here are 10 top fragrances for 2012:
1. Someday by Justin Beiber
2. Wonderstruck by Taylor Swift
3. Poppy Flower by Coach
4. Flowerbomb by Viktor & Rolf
5. Poppy by Coach
6. Viva La Juicy by Juicy Couture
7. Coco Mademoiselle by Chanel
8. Chance by Chanel
9. Light Blue by Dolce & Gabbana
10. Jadore by Christian Dior
Floral perfumes are those fragrances
that are dominated by one or several types of flower notes. These Perfumes are mostly
feminine and popular with women. Floral perfumes represent the essence of love
and romance and are not only the oldest fragrances but the most popular too. Floral
Perfumes can be Single Floral fragrances with one single flower scent or
several blended together to produce a unique scent. Some of the popular
ingredients of flower based perfumes are Roses, Orange Blossoms, Gardenias,
Jasmine, Carnations, Frangipani, Lotus, Champaka, Lily of the valley, Freesias,
Aldehydes, Tuberose and other expensive natural flower oils. There are several
popular Floral Perfumes from reputed brands like Estee Lauder, Dolce &
Gabbana, Elizabeth Taylor, Ralph Lauren, Nina Ricci, Elizabeth Arden which are
favorites with Women.Given below are my top ten Floral Perfume choices for Women.
1) Gardenia Elizabeth Taylor: Gardenia Elizabeth Taylor Perfume by Elizabeth Taylor was launched in the year 2003. This fragrance has notes of gardenia, jasmine, lily of the valley, orchid, rose, white peony, carnation and musk. This is a beautiful feminine fragrance and great for casual wear.
2) Marc Jacobs Daisy: Marc Jacobs Daisy is one of the top selling floral fragrances. This Perfume was launched in the year 2007. This is a fresh and youthful fragrance and includes notes of gardenia, violet, jasmine, wild strawberry, violet leaves, red grapefruit, musk, vanilla and white woods.
3) Dolce & Gabbana Light Blue: Light Blue for women was launched in the 2001 by the Italian design house Dolce & Gabbana. This is a floral perfume with rose, apple, musk and jasmine notes. This is a light fragrance and great for summer and casual wear.
4) Romance: Romance by Ralph Lauren is a very feminine perfume launched by the Design House of Ralph Lauren in the year 1999 with fresh rose, marigold, violet, oak moss and musk fragrance notes. This fragrance is great as an evening wear.
5) L’Air Du Temps:L’Air Du Temps is a sensual and feminine perfume which was launched by Nina Ricci in 1948. It is a rich floral fragrance of gardenia and jasmine with tones of sandalwood and iris.
6) 5th Avenue: 5th Avenue by Elizabeth Arden was launched by the Design House of Elizabeth Arden in 1996. It is a Floral and semi oriental fragrance with bouquet of lilac, linden blossom, dewy magnolia, mandarin and bergamot notes.
7) Tuberose Gardenia: Tuberose Gardenia by Estee Lauder is a pure mix of tuberose and gardenia. This rich floral fragrance also has notes of jasmine, white lily and orange flower. This fragrance was originally created by Aerin Lauder for herself and her closest friends. However the launch of Private Collection Tuberose Gardenia was made in the year 2007 by Estee Lauder in honor of her Grandmother Britney Spears – Perfume
From the album ‘Britney Jean.’ Download it now on iTunes: Music Video by Britney Spears performing Perfume. (C) 2013 …

Perfume & Perfumes for Women | Sephora
Discount Perfume & Cologne | Buy Fragrances Online |
Perfume and Fragrance – Macy's
Perfume – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Perfumes & Fragrances – Overstock™ Shopping – The Best Prices

Perfume Growth in Middle East Markets

Check out some of these perfumes that men love to smell on women whenever you’re bored or confused on what scent is right for you. Believe it or not, you’ll not get the much needed compliments from guys if you’re not wearing the right fragrance that has the ability and refreshing smell to turn them on.
The importance of perfumes in general life should not be undermined. It is true that we all want to smell really nice and fresh all time, but choosing the perfect scents that’ll suits you and other people’s mood has always becomes a major problem to both men and women, old or young.Sincerely, you have to be bothered about the way your body smells. Though you might say you have been wearing yours for years, but “are you sure you’re getting good compliments from friends and relatives?” And that is why it is very important you pay much attention to these feminine scents men love to smell on women all time. If you get yourself the right perfume, you have every tendency to set men’s mood in a romantic direction and in a more peaceful way. And everywhere you go, you get nothing but warm compliments from guys.
To attract potential mates, then you must always smell good and fresh to work and other important places. This you can make happen by wearing a perfect scent that’ll send the right signal to your partner, thus, he’ll love to have you very close to him always.
1. Channel No. 5 Perfume for Women by Channel: Channel No. 5 perfume is still the best ever made scent and good to wear anytime. It is very appealing and just very enjoyable. Guys usually fell in love with this feminine fragrance simply because of its light and refreshing floral aroma. The top notes are Aldehydes, Bergamot, lemon, Neroli; middle notes of Jasmine, Rose, Lily-Of-The-Valley, Orris; and base notes of Vetiver, Sandal, amber and vanilla. If you want to stand out in the crowd and get noticed, then wear this sweet smelling fragrance that quickly adapts to your body chemistry leaving you with a sexy floral scent that will receive compliments every time.
2. Light Blue by Dolce & Gabbana for women: Light Blue by Dolce & Gabbana is a clean, refreshing and fruity scent that lingers all day. Although, it has a light smell but last longer and not too overpowering. It is a good and perfect summer wear but I heard most girls prefers wearing it all season, be it winter or summer. It possesses top notes of Granny Smith Apple, Sicilian, Cedar, Bluebells; middle notes of Jasmine, White Rose, Bamboo; and blends well with the base notes of Musks, Amber and Cedarwood. If you want to get noticed by guys, then wear this one.3. Angel by Thierry Mugler: Angel by Thierry Mugler is rated as one of the best selling perfumes for women. It will make you smell nice and fresh. Of course, the sensual, sophisticated and elegant aroma makes it a perfect scent for all ages. And you’ll receive lots of compliments from men when being worn. It is recommended for daytime and night time use. Guys likes this fragrance because it contains top notes of Bergamot, Mandarin; middle notes of Passion fruit, Peach, Apricot; as well as the base notes of Patchouli, Chocolate, Caramel and Vanilla.
4. Obsession Night By Calvin Klein for Women: This sensual and sophisticated fragrance was created by Calvin Klein in the year 2005. And over the years, it has been so popular to the extent now a favorite scent for most girls who can afford the price. It is clean, light and its nice aroma stays on for a longer time. Yes, men love to smell it on girls. The top notes are Bergamot,Seville,Orange, Tangerine, Angelica; middle notes of Gardenia, Rose, Lily-of-the-Valley, Night-Flowering, Jasmine; and base notes of Amber, Ladanum, Sandalwood, Cashmere Wood, Tonka Bean and Vanilla. If you want to feel more seductive and fresh, try Obsession Night by Calvin Klein.
5. Euphoria Perfume for Women by Calvin Klein: This is another best selling feminine scent from Calvin Klein. It possesses the most appealing aroma that lingers softly all day. A couple of spray mixes with your own body chemistry, and easily it creates another unique sweet smell that can attract more men to whoever wears it. The notes all blends well making it very unique, sensual and sophisticated. So if you want to feel more confident and sexy and with warm compliments every time, just give it try and you’ll never be disappointed. It contains top notes of Pomegranate, Kaki, Green notes; middle notes of Lotus, Blossom, Champaca, Black Orchid; and base notes of Black Violet, Liquid Amber, Unctuous Notes, Mahogany and Musks. Wearing this, will make you look more attractive to your audience.If you’ve found this hub about the feminine scents men love useful, please rate it and if there are other sweet smelling fragrances, I mean those with nice aromas that guys love on girls but not listed above, feel free to drop them in the comment box below. Finally, remember to share with friends and bookmark for future reference. I strongly believed the question, “what perfumes do men like on women?” had been answered above.Perfume is without doubt the one cosmetic that has the ability to create the feel good factor instantly.
Scents in our body products such as body wash, lotions, deodorant or hand creams instantly gives us a lift.
Room fragrance such as potpourri or air fresheners have a calming, relaxing effect and are often used when we entertain guests to create an inviting ambiance.
Perfume or fragrance is something I adore in all its various forms, be it from natural elements such as the beach or sea to freshly baked bread or uplifting lavender flowers.
With perfume being a costly luxury product it makes sense to try making your own. It is easy to make your own solid perfume, a dab on perfume or even a spray Eau de Toilette.
Men’s Eau-de-Cologne is equally doable at home and makes for a perfect creative gift idea.
On top of the cost factor you know exactly what is going into your perfume, no hidden ingredients that may be toxic, synthetic or chemical in origin.
As with any homemade beauty recipe, the very best ingredients will produce as near perfect a product as possible.Perfume15 %
Eau de Toilette 4 – 8%
Eau de Cologne 1 – 5%Essential Oils:
5 drops Sweet Orange
9 drops Lemon
4 drops Tangerine
11 drops Frankincense
3 drops Neroli
2 drops Myrrh
11 ml Vodka or 11 ml Jojoba Oil
You will Need:
Blue or dark glass bottle
Funnel (optional)
Glass Rod (optional)
Add the vodka or the jojoba oil into your bottle.
One by one, add your essential oils. Give a stir with the glass rod.
Apply cap and give a good shake
Your perfume is now ready.
If using the oil base, I recommend leaving it for a week to give it time to infuse more and settle.
Store in a cool, dark place and give a gentle shake daily.
Follow the correct percentage of essential oils, this recipe is 15% giving the most concentrated fragrance. It is important not to overuse essential oils so if reducing your base amount, remember to reduce your drops of fragrance.
Using the above recipe as a guide, I have put together a few smaller recipes using less amounts of different oils that will show you how easy it is to make your favorite perfume scent using your favorite oils.

Rose & Jasmine
10 drops Rose
9 drops Jasmine
10ml Jojoba Oil

Ylang-Ylang & Lavender
10 drops Ylang-Ylang
9 drops Lavender
10ml Jojoba Oil

Vanilla & Sandalwood
29 drops Vanilla
10 drops Sandalwood
11ml Jojoba OilAlso known as Portugal Orange or China Orange, this tree is native to China but is now extensively grown in USA.
Unpretentious, sweet, tangy and vibrant are all used to describe this fresh citrus fragrance which is used to uplift spirits, create calmness and induce a general happy mood.
Made from the peel of oranges, the cold pressed method of extraction is the best one to use as it most concentrate and pure.
Sunny, warm and a general feel good fragrance, it has many therapeutic and health benefits including preventing colds and flu, helps the digestive system, stimulates collagen in the skin and reduces stress levels.
Sweet Orange oil is safe, non-toxic and non-sensitizing oil but it may be phototoxic.
It is recommended that this is not applied when going out in sunlight for extended periods of time.One of the most popular citrus scents, lemon oil is also known as cedro oil. A native of India the lemon tree is synonymous with southern Mediterranean countries and is grown throughout the world in warm temperate climates.
The oil is extracted from the lemon peel as in sweet orange. A clean, fresh sharp fragrance known to help concentration and improve decision making it has many beneficial uses.
Containing vitamins A, B and C and is an excellent ingredient to use in skincare recipes such as rosewater and lemon face wash.
Lemon is a natural choice for including in air fresheners and potpourri and makes a refreshing addition to a cucumber spa water ideal for the warm summer days or

What Goes With a Red Couch?

Is that old couch of yours starting to sag? Do you think your living room needs an updated look? Have you moved, and now your couch just doesn’t fit your new space? So, where do you start when it comes to choosing a new couch? Choosing the right couch for your family, as well as your home, can be a daunting task. So, I will go through step by step, on everything you need to consider when buying a couch. Furniture is not cheap, and you want to make the right choice. The best thing you can do is be prepared!! Even before you step into a furniture showroom, there is a lot you need to do.All joking aside, in this case, size really does matter. The first thing you need to do is measure everything! I mean everything! From the entire room to the furniture itself. How big is the space you have? What other furniture do you have, or need in the room? How many people do you need space for? Is it just you and your significant other, or do you have a large family? Take all of this into consideration when deciding on the size of the couch you will need.
The first step is to measure out the room. You need to know how much room you have to work with before you can go pick out a couch. What is the size and shape of your room? This often determines what your options are. Do you have the space for that sectional with the chaise? Maybe, maybe not. Make a scale drawing of your room, including the placement of windows and doors. It doesn’t have to be a perfect blueprint, just a somewhat accurate drawing. I have found that the best way to do this is every foot in real space, equals one inch in the drawing. You may need a fairly large piece of paper for this, or you may need to adjust the scale of your drawing.
After you have done this, measure the furniture that you will be keeping in the room. Is that entertainment center staying? Or, are you starting from scratch? Take a separate piece of paper and draw scale drawings of these pieces of furniture, as well. I recommend a separate sheet of paper, so that you can cut out the pieces of paper that will represent your furniture, and place it on the room drawing to decide placement of furniture. Label all furniture drawings for easy reference. Keep them in an envelope or folder so that they do not get lost.
Where do you want your new couch? Arrange the furniture on your drawing and see what you like the best. Take into consideration placement of outlets, cable hookups, etc. There are also many types of software that are available that can create three dimensional drawings of rooms with furniture, floor coverings, and everything you can think of. This may be an option if you are willing to spend a little extra money. They run from between about $60-$500 dollars, depending on your needs. There are also free websites where you can do the same thing.Now that you have an idea of the amount of room you have to work with, and what pieces of furniture are staying in the room, you need to decide on the couch. Don’t rush out to the furniture store just yet. First, you need to get an idea of what you want. Salesmen are very good at talking you into something you do not really want, if you are not fully prepared ahead of time.
Go out and buy some interior design magazines, or browse online at furniture stores, decorating websites, or websites for all those wonderful HGTV shows. There is a wealth of information available in regards to styles, fabrics and colors. It can be a bit overwhelming.
Look around you. What do you see? Is there a certain style that appeals to you? Are you more traditional, more contemporary, or more prone to decorate in an ornate fashion? Use the style you have already incorporated into your home, especially the style you have incorporated into your living room. What is working for you, and what isn’t? Browse through those magazines and cut out pictures of couches you like. Jot down a note about why you liked it. Was it the color? The fabric? The curve of the back of the couch? Take inspiration from a piece you love, and go from there. Remember to take into account the pieces that will be staying in the room.
If you find a style of couch that you like, you are already most of the way there. Fabric and color are easy, in that most furniture stores carry the same style couch in a variety of fabrics and colors. If you are undecided on color, look at your room. Take cues from the colors of your room. Check out decorator rooms online, or in magazines to get ideas of color pallets that you might want to follow.
Fabric and color are very important in choosing the right couch for your family. Do you have kids? If so, you want a more durable, stain-resistant fabric. Do you have pets? If so, avoid anything that is woven or easily torn. Even pets with the best trimmed nails, and who generally stay off the furniture, can still cause a tear or two. When you go to pick out your couch, keep those things in mind, and talk with the salesperson about your concerns and the needs of your family. They will be able to help you select a fabric that will stand up to what you and your family can dish out.
As for color, couches come in a wide variety of colors, and patterns. While you may be drawn to that bright purple couch right now, you may not be so fond of it a few months or years down the road. Generally, on the more expensive furniture items, it is best to go with a neutral color, and add those punches of color with accent pillows or accessories throughout the room. Neutral does not mean boring!!! A tone-on-tone neutral stripe with some brightly colored pillows can really bring life to a room.Now that you have all the information you need, from size to style and color to fabric, you are ready to head to the store. While you are at the store, ask a lot of questions, look at all of your options, but remember to focus on your needs, not what the salesperson is pushing on you. Do you need seating for at least four? Don’t go with the small love seat. Refer to your style choices, stick with neutrals, and find a fabric that suits the demands that your family will be putting on the couch. You may not find exactly what you want at the first store you go to, but take your time, and make sure you make the right decision.I moved into my first real apartment about two and a half years ago, and right after I moved in I bought my first real set of living room furniture. I got it off of craigslist, and the set came with a couch, chaise lounge, and coffee table for only a hundred bucks! I really liked the burnt orange color of the couch and chaise lounge when I bought it, and the coffee table was gorgeous. They all went with my color scheme that I had in my living room!
But, the thing I didn’t like was that the corduroy fabric on the seat cushions had started to wear away from years of use. At the time, it wasn’t a big deal – I just bought a floral blanket in the colors of my living room and wrapped them up so the couch looked newer and un-worn. That worked great for a while!
Right after I got the set, though, I adopted two kittens, Zeus and Oliver. They are my babies, but they also loved the couch as much as I did…so much that they wanted to literally be inside of it. After a few months of using the couch as a cat toy (unpreventable at this point because I was working a lot and they would do it while I wasn’t home) they pulled the left side of the couch open and used it as a hiding and sleeping spot. I didn’t mind much because I am pretty sure I bought the couch knowing that I would end up redoing it when I moved – and if I didn’t it would just get chucked in the trash. It was an old couch and I knew it.
In December 2013 I started looking for new apartments because I needed to move closer to my job. And when I started doing that, I started getting ridiculously crafty and planning these huge projects to completely make over all of my furniture. I started planning colors and buying supplies in January 2014. My first victim was the coffee table – and you can read about that tutorial here! I restained and refinished that in March. I took a couple weeks off from projects to move, then once I got into my new place in April I started the couch.
Now, I would like to iterate that every couch is different and you won’t be able to follow this tutorial exactly, especially if your couch has more detailing than mine did. Plus, if you’re a beginner like me you are bound to make mistakes. I made many – and you might have to improvise some extra detailing in the couch to cover up your mistakes (which I had to do…a LOT)! But, to help prevent mistakes, I’ve included my thoughts on my first project as well as videos that I used from professionals that show you how to do certain parts of the couch. I hope you find this useful – enjoy!This is NOT a one-weekend project if you work full-time or have multiple jobs. But, if you have the time and your couch is the right structure, you could probably do it in five or six days of eight to ten hours

2011 World Cup : Best Cricketers Records, Photos, Videos, Winning shots, IPL latest news, photos

definition, Cricket is a form of outdoor sports, which is played by two teams with
bat, ball and field, in an oval shaped area. It carries a set of regulations
and an umpire to implement them.

is known worldwide as a sensational game, which creates tremendous amount of
hype and thrill in the hearts of cricket lovers around the globe. It is known
as a gentlemen’s game, but its viewership includes women, children and aged
people from all around the world.

is somewhat similar to the baseball in its functioning, but the rules and
regulations are different.Cricket
became popular in early 70s. Since then, it is said to be originated from
England in 1975. In recent times, it is organized on the international level
under the supervision of ICC International Cricket Council. The headquarters of
ICC is in Dubai, UAE.The
game starts when a coin is tossed in the air to shift the first bating or bowling
decision for the captain (of the team), who wins the toss. The objective of this
game is to score maximum runs in its turn to bat, called as an innings.Each
team comprises of 11 players entitled to play in a match by the authorities.
The players can be regarded as batsmen or bowlers depending upon their level of
skills in respective fields. A player, who has a balanced performance, is an all-rounder.

number of batsmen in a team is mostly 5 – 6, while the number of bowlers is 4 –
5. The
key functions that players have to perform are:



batsman has to score runs by hitting the ball to the field. If the ball crosses
boundary without being held by the fielder, score is four and if it flies
straight away from the boundary without touching the ground, it is called a
sixer i.e., 6 runs.

batsman can also run between the wickets to make runs. A wicket-to-wicket
running from one end to the other of the pitch confines one run.

Two batsmen
are allowed on the field at a time with one holding the strike. The rest of
team players wait in the pavilion area for their turn. A batsman is out when:

The ball/bat hits the bails·
The ball stroked by the batsman flies in the air
and gets caught

The leg
before wicket appeal (l.b.w) made by the bowler is approved by the umpire

In case of run out; when the ball returned by
the fielder struck bails off before the batsman is in the crease.Bowler:It
is the job of a bowler to throw ball to the batsman with a particular line and length.
The aim of the bowler however, should be to limit score to the minimum and to
dismiss the batsman.

inning is divided into overs and an over is divided into 6 balls delivered. The
overs vary with the type of cricket, whereas, the number of balls vary if there
are wide or no ball attempts from
the bowler. No bowler can bowl two consecutive overs. A bowler can try
bouncers, Yorkers, in and off swings and spin the ball to get it in the right
area to dismiss the batsman. The line and length however, is a crucial factor,
which has to be maintained anyway.Fielder:All
the players in a team have to field when the bowler of the team is bowling and
the opposite team is on the bat. Fielding is about saving runs by picking,
catching and stopping the ball within the boundary when a batsman of the
opponent team strikes. All of the fielders are committed to perform same task
and can shift positions according to the instruction of their team captain.

the Wicket keeper has to guard stumps, wear gloves to catch the ball in case of
missed delivery or catch coming near the stumps.The
field is a circular ground with lush green grass and its dimensions are not fixed.
The radius of the field is 137m – 150m (450 – 500 feet).

boundary of the field is defined by a rope, which sets border of the ground separating
it from rest of the stadium.Pitch: The
rectangular ground patch in the middle, with a little bit of grass on it, is
called a Pitch. One end of pitch is used as batting area and the other end as
bowling area. The size of the pitch is 20.12m in length and 3.05m in width.Wickets:Three
upright wooden sticks called wickets are fixed in the ground at both ends of
the pitch with a height of 71.1 cm and width of 22.86cm. Two cross pieces of
wood, the bails, sit in a furrow over these wickets.

word wicket is used in multiple ways, whereas, in cricket language, it can be referred

 Stumps and bails The pitch Batsman out/not-out To get batsman outCrease:Painted
lines on the pitch to adjudge dismissal of the batsman, while running between
the wickets or leaving batting end after a bowl is delivered.

crease is drawn across the pitch, which aligns stumps to its width.

crease is 2.64m (8 feet 8 inches) in length.

between the two creases is 20.12m.

The batting
(popping) crease is 1.22m in front of the stumps at each end, with the stumps
set along the bowling crease.

creases are situated at right angles to the batting and bowling creases and are
measured 1.32m either side of the middle stumps.Umpires: In
cricket, there are two umpires on the field.

 The position of first umpire is behind the
stumps, facing towards the batsman to declare most on-the-spot decisions. Striker end Umpire or square leg umpire gives
side view of the batsman, playing an assistant’s role. An off field third umpire is provided with
visual-replays facility in a separate room at the stadium to supervise laws and
spirit of the game. He makes decisions, which are forwarded by the field
umpires. Reserved Umpire is also present for emergencies. An official scorer is present to ensure fair
recording of the runs and overs.Depending
upon their duration, number of innings and overs, cricket series is categorized
into 3 major forms:

Test Cricket seriesOne Day Internationals (ODI)Twenty-twenty series (T-20)Test Series:It
is one of the most popular forms of cricket. A series usually comprises of a
five test matches. Most of the matches are often finished before time. This
form of cricket, aims to keep spirit of early cricket, alive. A five days long
match gives clear cut evaluation of a team’s performance. The stamina,
technique and skill of a batsman, bowler, fielder or a wicket keeper is further
used to rank the team overall and the players individually, at the end of each

Time Duration:

duration is five days and about six hours of play time each day. Each team has
to bowl out the whole competitor team, twice. A day is divided into three
sessions, with a 40-mins lunch break and a 20-mins tea break with periodic
breaks for drinks.


series comprise of two innings per team. An innings ends either when all team
is out or when the bating team’s captain declares the innings. If the second
innings is not complete and the bating line is still playing at the last day of
match, then the match is declared as a ‘draw.’ The number of innings is
interrupted in case of Follow on,
which occurs when the second team is all out on a fewer runs than the first


least 90 overs have to be bowled each day. If at the time of stumps, the
required number of overs is not bowled, play is extended to complete it.
Minimum is calculated by dividing remaining time of play in mins by 4. At last
day, 15 overs are added to the calculated minimum.

In case
of poor weather, the match is delayed. In poor light the umpires put decision
to the batsman for further proceeding of the match.Ball Dimensions:A
test cricket ball is red in color. It has a weight of 155.9 and 163.0 g (5 and
5.75 ounces) and measure between 8 13/16 and 9 in (224 and 229 mm) in
circumference. A new ball is given at the start of each innings. The ball is
replaced, in case, after 80 overs on fielding captain request, if the ball is
damaged or lost or has reshaped.Uniform:Cricket
whites or white flannels are to be used while playing a test series. It
increases visibility of red ball as compared to white color. The color is
helpful in avoiding heat on field, all day long.Time Duration:

the name indicates, the match has to culminate in one day, so, time is
restricted in one day internationals to; approximately 210 mins (3, 1/2 hrs). It
is one of the most exciting forms of cricket, which bring into light, the era
of players in colored uniform, night match with flood lights, sight screens in
darkness, and multiple camera angles.


is a single inning per team during which, the first team sets a target for the
other team to achieve.


 Fifty overs have to be bowled in one day
internationals. The number may be varied by umpires by one or two overs, if
there is a light problem or extra time has been consumed by the bowling team. Number
of overs per bowler is also fixed, i.e. 10 overs for each bowler. Strict rules
on wide balls and short deliveries are applied.Winning Criteria:The
team with greater scores/runs wins.Ba

The Best Hiking and Backpacking Recipes

There is SO much I could write about hiking in the Grand Canyon, but I want to focus on hiking rim to rim using the popular “corridor” trails in the central part of the National Park. I usually do my rim to rim trips from south rim to north, so that’s the order in which I’ll present the information. While it’s not responsible to advocate hiking rim to rim in a single day, it’s something I’ve done a number of times. But I’ve also done the same hike over a week and encourage all first-time Grand Canyon hikers — or those who prefer to stop and smell the cactus flowers — to spend multiple days getting from one side of the Canyon to the other.
In fact, I highly discourage people from hiking rim to rim — or rim to river and back — in a single day. Don’t even attempt this unless you’re fit and already very familiar with hiking in the Canyon. Below you’ll find some information on the corridor trails and sites and stopping points along the way, interwoven with journal entries from my own 7-day rim to rim Grand Canyon hike. I’ve also included suggestions on when to go, what to bring, and where (and when) to get water, as well as some informative and fun reading material. Be sure to post any questions or comments in the guestbook at the end. Hope this is helpful!Photo Above: My friend, Martin, at Ooh-Aah Point on the South Kaibab Trail, Grand Canyon, taken on a rim-to-rim hike on October 1stThis video combines trail footage with fly-thru animations to orient you to the Corridor Trails in the Grand Canyon — the Bright Angel and the South and North Kaibab.
Run time: 63 minutesAuthor Seth Muller lives here in Flagstaff, where I’m from, and, believe me, he knows the Grand Canyon well. He’s also an excellent writer.June 10th
Location: South Rim, Grand Canyon National Park
Tonight I sleep in the bed of a pickup, where I can almost write by the moonlight alone. The trees are glowing above the campfire, and I swear I can hear the Canyon nearby. It almost seems to whisper.
My hiking companions and I stood at the edge of the South Rim today, where I last stood five years ago when Steve and I hoisted our packs and set off on our honeymoon. Had it been five months or five days ago, my reaction would be the same: Awesome! And no matter how many people stand there with me.
The South Rim of the Grand Canyon bustles with activity most of the year, but tomorrow we’ll leave more than 99% of Park visitors behind when we drop below the rim. I expect the number of hikers will decrease as we move toward the Kaibab Plateau on the north side of the Canyon.
I’m pleased to find that my hiking partners are like old friends. Easy to be with and talk to. Good people to share this hike with. I feel very lucky to be here.The most populated area of Grand Canyon National Park
You could spend a full day, if not an entire vacation, seeing the sights at the South Rim. There, you’ll find hotels and cabins, a campground and RV parks within the National Park boundaries, historic buildings, free ranger talks and interpretive displays, restaurants and shops, groceries, even a bank and post office, as well as many viewpoints where you can take in the grandness of the canyon.
In addition to being a tourist destination, Grand Canyon Village is home to about 2,000 Park employees and their families, so there’s also a school, grades K-12, and medical facilities located there.
The South Rim is a fun place to begin and/or end a rim to rim hike, perhaps with a stay in a comfortable hotel room and a nice, big meal to celebrate the accomplishment. And, if you want to walk off some of those post-hike kinks, there’s even a paved Rim Trail to wander along and watch the colors of the Canyon change as the sun sets.
Grand Canyon Village is visited twice a day by the Grand Canyon Railway, bringing visitors to and from the town of Williams, Arizona. For information about this service and their various vacation packages, visit the Grand Canyon Railway website. I’ve never taken the train, myself, but this would probably be a fun addition to your trip if you want to spend a little extra time (and money).
NOTE: A free shuttle service is available year-round to take visitors from one point along the South Rim to another, so you can park your car and forget about it till you’re ready to leave.One of two Corridor trails from the South Rim to the Colorado River
The South Kaibab Trail is a ridge trail with incredible, wide-reaching views all along it’s 6.3-mile (10.1 km) route from rim to river. Keep in mind there is no shade or water to be had on this trail, so hike early or hike late in the day during summer months, wear sunscreen and a hat, and carry more water than you think you’ll need. In the hotter months, I carry four liters on this trail, even when going down … just in case. (And if I don’t need all of it, I often see someone who’d love to take some off my hands … uh, back.)
If you’re hiking rim to rim in a single day, traveling south to north, then the South Kaibab Trail is the shorter route from rim to river. The trail begins near Yaki Point and descends 4,860 feet to the black suspension bridge at the Colorado River. Because there is no water along this steep trail, Park rangers recommend hiking down this trail only rather than up and using the Bright Angel trail for a hike out.
I love the South Kaibab Trail and don’t personally consider it all that steep compared to some switchback-free trails I’ve hiked back east. It is more exposed than the Bright Angel Trail, but, coming from someone who isn’t fond of heights and drop-offs, it’s not scary at all. And you’d have to take a flying leap to fall off, believe me. Now, if the upper portion of the trail is icy, I’d most definitely use crampons, so go prepared if you’re hiking during the winter. Yes, the South Rim gets snow.
NOTE: If you choose to hike the South Kaibab Trail, you can park in the dirt lot along Desert View Drive and walk the quarter-mile to the trailhead, or park in Grand Canyon Village and take the free park shuttle right to it.My choice of a South Rim trail for a multi-day, rim to rim hike
The “B.A.” (pictured to the right) is the most heavily used trail in Grand Canyon, especially the upper mile and a half. The further down into the canyon you go, however, the less company you’ll have, especially on the lower portion from Indian Gardens to the Colorado River. Keep your eyes peeled as you leave the rim, and I guarantee you’ll see somebody wearing heels.
Anyhow, the Bright Angel Trail begins just west of the historic Kolb Studio and follows a fault line 7.8 miles (12.6 km) to the River Trail, which you then hike another 1.5 miles to Bright Angel Campground via the silver suspension bridge pictured above. (Phantom Ranch is half a mile beyond that.) I usually think of the B.A. and River Trail as all one 9.3-mile trail to the bridge and campground beyond.
Hikers going southbound, ascending from river to South Rim, usually prefer the Bright Angel Trail to the South Kaibab even though it’s longer. The availability of potable drinking water at the halfway point at Indian Gardens and, seasonally, at two other locations between there and the rim make it more appealing, as do the two shaded rest houses three miles and 1.5 miles before the top. If you time your hike out for the late afternoon, a good portion of the trail itself will also be in the shade.
As on the South Kaibab, BA hikers share the trail with mules. If you see a mule train approaching, stand off to the inside of the trail and remain still as the mule train passes.
NOTE: If you’ll be leaving a vehicle at the South Rim’s Grand Canyon Village, be sure to park in the backcountry lot. You’ll get a map as you drive into the park, and the lots will be marked on there. (Depending on the time of year and time of day — or night rather — there sometimes is no ranger at the entrance station, so you might want to print this map to bring with you. Click here to print a copy of the map of Grand Canyon Village.)June 11th
Distance: 4.6 miles
From South Rim to Indian Gardens via the Bright Angel Trail
Last night was a cold one, with temps in the low 40s, and me in just a sleeping bag liner, a long-sleeved shirt, fleece vest, and shorts. I should have been better prepared for the often chilly nighttime and early morning air on the rim.
Ooh, a little bird just landed a few inches away, on the edge of my unzipped tent door, and stayed for most of a minute.
The animals that live in these high-use areas of the Canyon are quite habituated to humans, who are equated with meals. The Park Service provides large ammo cans at each campsite for food and trash storage, both of which are supposed to be packed out by the people who brought them in.
Ground (or rock) squirrels, ring-tailed cats, mule deer and stinging ants are the most common campsite raiders in the Canyon.
In other trail journals of mine, I’ve often talked about my fears. But that’s not the case in Grand Canyon; I feel very comfortab

What Are The Best Websites for Drug Information?

Since the late 1980s many companies and governmental agencies in the United States have subjected prospective employees to drug testing. It’s all very legal since the Supreme Court upheld the legality of drug testing as far back as 1986, ruling that it is not a violation of one’s Constitutional rights, particularly as they relate to the Fourth Amendment, protecting people against unreasonable searches and seizures. But the tough part is answering the question: What is a reasonable search?
Now drug testing is also used on students, welfare recipients, soldiers, convicts and parolees, but this article doesn’t deal with those situations.
These drug screens, as they’re called, come in various types and test for the presence of different types of drugs – illegal or otherwise. This article tries to inform people about what they should know when a company wants to collect and then analyze their bodily fluids, hair or other tissues before hiring them.

Drug testing requires that a specimen be tested on-site or sent to a laboratory, where it can be analyzed using mass spectrometry, an expensive and time-consuming procedure. Most of these tests check for the presence of five to 10 different drugs, illegal or otherwise. Moreover, the threshold of detection for most of these tests is 50 nanograms per milliliter. For comparison, similar tests for Olympic athletes have a much lower threshold, measured in picograms (trillionths of a gram) and are therefore much harder to beat, detecting the use of various drugs many months after their usage.
Urine Analysis
This test requires that a person urinate in a cup so the urine can be tested for the presence of drugs and/or their metabolites. The most commonly used test, the pee test is the easiest to beat because the urine sample can be diluted somewhat if the person simply drinks lots of water before urinating in the cup; or fake urine can be used or somebody else’s, for that matter. Also, drugs such as aspirin, vitamins such as B-2 and B-12 or various herbs can be taken to flush a person’s system before taking the test, but the effectiveness of these substances is uncertain – unless you believe the guarantees of the people trying to sell them! Substances can also be added to the sample to detoxify some – if not all – drugs present within it.
Interestingly, an article in Wikipedia states that about five per cent of pre-employment urine samples test positive for drugs.
Saliva Analysis
The use of this test is becoming more prevalent because it is less intrusive than urine or blood testing, and it is harder to adulterate or dilute the specimen. This convenience of usage makes saliva testing preferable for use in “random drug testing,” where the presence of drugs can be detected almost immediately after use, and also the “level of intoxication” can be measured with greater accuracy.
Perspiration Drug Screen
So called sweat tests are not used for pre-employment screening, because a patch must be applied to the person’s skin to collect perspiration over a period of one to four hours. This test is used only when urine sampling is not practical, such as by parole departments and child protective services.
Blood Analysis

The blood test is essentially the same procedure as the urine or saliva analyses, except the specimens come from a different part of the body. But the blood test has disadvantages: it is more intrusive and costs more; also, the urine and saliva tests detect the presence of drugs or metabolites much sooner. The greatest advantage for the blood test – from the point of the view of the employer of course – is that it is much harder to tamper with the specimen.
Hair Analysis

This test is designed to find drug metabolites in any hair sample taken from the human body. Theoretically any drug consumed within the last 90 days can be detected with this test; however, if the person’s hair is very long, the time of detection could be considerably longer than 90 days. One disadvantage of the test is that it’s more expensive than other tests, because the hair sample has to be sent to a lab, from which it can take up to three days to receive the results.
Furthermore, hair samples can also be tampered with using chemicals, such as those found in shampoos and other hair treatments. For example, the testable amount of THC (marijuana) can be reduced by using such treatments, because THC isn’t readily absorbed by the epithelial cells in hair. Also keep in mind that it can take seven to 10 days after a drug is taken for a strand of hair to grow long enough to be cut and then tested. So if you want to beat this dreaded test, just make sure you use drugs immediately before taking the test.
Fingernail Analysis

Fingernails or toenails can also be tested for the presence of drugs. Similar to hair, which contains keratin, drug use in nails has been measured since 1984. A specimen is simply clipped from the body, thoroughly cleaned, and then liquefied and tested. The advantages of this test are that the specimen is almost impossible to alter in any way, and the test shows what drugs a person has taken in the last six to eight months (depending on the length of the nail).
Detection Time
While a hair test can detect just about any drug for up to 90 days, detection time varies greatly when one is given a urine, saliva or blood test. THC and benzodiazepine (sedatives) tend to stay in one’s system the longest, a time measured in weeks rather than days. Ironically perhaps, some of the most dangerous and addictive drugs – heroin, methamphetamine and cocaine – stay in one’s system for only three to five days. Therefore, it seems pot smokers and users of Valium and Librium (called benzos on the street) may risk the greatest chance of detection. Nevertheless, an occasional pot smoker can beat a urine analysis in as little as seven to 14 days.
(Incidentally, people often use benzos with methadone, creating a heroin-like high.)

Final Words

Keep in mind that it’s possible for people to get a “false positive” after taking a drug test. The Web site,, claims that more than 250 over-the-counter and prescription drugs can cause a false positive. For example, Ibuprofen can cause a false reading for THC; cold medications can do likewise for amphetamines; and antibiotics can cause a reading for cocaine. Also, according to a February 2011 episode of Mythbusters, eating poppy seeds before a test can give you a reading for opiates!
If you get a false positive, demand that you be given a second test. Unfortunately, corporations and governmental agencies seem to have all the rights regarding drug testing, but individuals still have some rights in this regard. However, you better act fast before even those rights disappear like the glaciers!

In conclusion, if you’re worried about the possible outcome of a drug test, educate yourself as much as possible before taking it. And if you’re really adventurous, try whatever countermeasure you deem acceptable given your code of ethics and/or level of necessity. Good luck!

Please leave a comment.One would think, in the age of Google and Yahoo, doing research on your prescription or OTC (over the counter) medication would be simple. Just punch in your drug name…and TADA…up pops the most useful, relevant and accurate information about your particular pill. Oh if only that were the case….
The truth is that internet information is a two-edged sword. On the one hand we probably have access to MORE GOOD information than ever before. But on the other hand we also have access to an overwhelming amount of BAD and IRRELEVANT information as well. How do you know who to trust? And how do you know where to begin? What websites are reliable and user-friendly for the average Jane or Joe who wants to know more about their medications? I’m going to tell you!
The purpose of this article is to direct you to what are, in my opinion, some of the most helpful websites when it comes to researching your medication. As a pharmacist, and one who personally enjoys digging in and researching what I can discover about drugs and diseases, I have discovered that all drug-information websites are NOT created equal.
What makes for a GOOD (in my opinion) website for looking up drug information?
1) Accuracy: The information HAS to be correct. False or misleading claims, opinions parading around as facts, or outdated information and data that looks like it was written orininally on stone tablets simply is not good enough. Now, even the best sites will sometimes have mistakes. Humans, after all, are probably involved in the process somewhere! But a good drug research website should have consistently accurate information for us to rely on.
2) Clarity: Many websites suffer from what has been called, in psychology circles, the “Curse of Knowledge.” Basically, they are written by people who live and breathe drug information, and

Symbian Windows Mobile |Undetectable Bugging

It seems that more people are relying on mobile devices rather than computers. When laptops were introduced, they were touted as easy to carry computers. We could take them anywhere. Well, maybe. I’ve carried a few laptops that were heavier than CPUs. Besides, have you ever tried to stop on a sidewalk and open a laptop? Not easy. Just because you have your laptop doesn’t guarantee internet access. If you aren’t somewhere near WiFi, you won’t be very successful. Have you ever driven around hotel parking lots, trying to find a signal? Guilty. Now a lot of restaurants have WiFi, if your computer speaks the same language as their system. I have been in restaurants where my computer didn’t like their system and it was obvious there would be no connection there.
Young people today want access to the internet and they want it now. They want it wherever they are. That means on the highway, in the mountains, on the hiking trail, or in downtown New York. To get what they want, they rely on mobile devices.
I live in the woods of East Texas and can barely get a signal for my cell phone, so I opted not to get a Smartphone with my new contract. My daughter came to visit and we drove to a neighboring town for a little shopping. Three times during that visit, she used her Smartphone to retrieve information for us. All three times, I was ribbed for not having a Smartphone. Once she obtained directions for our destination quicker than my portable GPS. I must admit, I was impressed.
Mobile devices are getting smarter and quicker. People are relying on them more and more. The devices are no longer a luxury. They are interactive useful devices which can be valuable when information is needed.If you listen to the advertisements a tablet, Kindle, or Nook will do anything a computer can do. Try doing a long doc on them. It might be possible, but will take forever. There are just some things that require a computer. Mobile devices are wonderful and getting better every day, but there have been some limitations. Until now.This week, Nov. 6, 2014, Microsoft announced that Office would now be free on mobile. There will be no subscription for use on Android or iOS, It can now be used on mobile devices like it has been on computers. You can now create and edit content without a subscription to Office 365. This is pretty big since Office wasn’t even available on iPad until the summer of 2013. A little over a year later, they make Office free for mobile. Technology is moving quickly. Here are some links to great articles which explain it very well:

Microsoft is still offering its Office 365 subscription. Why? Who would pay for a subscription when the app is free? Well, the free isn’t exactly equal to the subscription. There are some things that you must have a subscription to do.
Orientation: The free version does not have the option of orienting the screen. Anything created using the free app will be in portrait.
Columns in Word: The free app does not allow you to put your Word docs in columns. Your document will be placed on the entire width of the paper.
Section Breaks: The free app doesn’t allow you to insert section breaks.
Track Changes: Track changes are only available with a subscription. This might not matter to most people, until they get a paper that has been tracked. The markings can be very confusing. The free app cannot delete the marks so the document can be easily read.
Advanced Editing of Text: The free app will be unable to use Text Styles or Word Art.
Advanced Editing of Charts: Elements within the chart will not be changed in the free version.
Advanced Editing of Graphs: Changing colors is available only with the subscription.
Editing of Pictures: Shadows and reflections are available only with the subscription.
Microsoft calls the subscription “Premium Features.” Some people might feel they are worth the subscription cost.Owners of iPhones received another gift from Microsoft. Microsoft is now releasing new Word, Excel, and PowerPoint apps for the iPhone. This is a stand alone app separate from the nonsubscription Office app.
Microsoft took a look at the over 40 million downloads and decided to give users what they needed most to do their jobs.

Office seems to be one of those apps that you either love or hate. Some people find it difficult and cumbersome. Personally, I’m a fan. I love the formatting capabilities. I find there is very little I can’t do with Word. I’ve created menus, banners, worksheets, letters, newsletters, brochures, flyers, and more. Once I added Snipit to my programs, I could combine several pictures into one big picture. I was able to take separate pictures of my books and combine them into one picture making them appear to be stacked. Then I was able to rearrange the stack, placing a new one on top each time. I’m a big fan of text boxes. If you are having trouble with things shifting on the page when you are designing, try putting them in a text box. Then you can put the box where you want without the font moving.
Once I learned Excel, I was hooked. If you know the tricks of Excel, you can do fascinating things with it. If you need to organize information in more than one category, Excel is the tool that will do it for you. The charts and graphs created by Excel make it look like you worked much harder than you did. I’m for that.
I’m still a fan of PowerPoint. Some have said it is outdated, but more people use PowerPoint than any other presentation software. It will actually do much more than people think. Like Excel, it is packed with features that few take the time to learn. Once unlocked, the features can produce some mind-blowing presentations.
I’ve mentioned that PowerPoint can do more than people know. I will release a hub on Monday that will give more information about these features. Before Christmas, everyone will be able to unlock the hidden treasures in PowerPoint. More information to come on Monday. Stay tuned.After a year of paying $172 a month to Brand-X for their smartphone plan, my wife and I switched to Virgin Mobile, mainly to save a lot of money. We knew going in that Virgin Mobile’s coverage in the US was not nearly as good as that of Brand-X (or should I say Brand-V?), but Virgin Mobile’s no-contract plan was so much cheaper, we thought we’d give it a shot. After more than a year with Virgin Mobile, I have definitely formed some opinions.
Monthly Service Fee *****
Let’s start off with Virgin Mobile’s strongest feature. They have several smartphone plans as well as other plans to choose from. We chose the cheapest of their Beyond Talk plans because A) It was cheap and B) It fit us like a glove. For $25 a month (each) we each get 300 anytime talk minutes, unlimited messaging and unlimited data. This has worked out very well for us. One month, my wife ran out of talk minutes so I simply topped up her minutes for $10. This carried her through the few days left in the month and we still have a $4 credit.
The Beyond Talk plans are no-contract plans. Every month I go to the Virgin Mobile website and pay for next month’s service with our registered credit card. I could have them automatically charge us, but I don’t do that.
Now, within a month of signing up for their $25/month plan, they increased all their Beyond Talk plans by $10 a month (300 minutes is $35, 1200 minutes is $45 and unlimited minutes is $55). Irritated, and thinking it was all my fault (I have the reverse effect on stock prices), I gritted my teeth and prepared to save a little less money. Virgin Mobile contacted me and said my cost would not rise as long as we maintained our monthly service. They grandfathered the price I signed up for– even though there is no contract between us. After more than a year we still pay $25 (plus tax) per phone. How many times have you been screwed because you were an existing customer?
One more thing: We pay $25 plus Iowa sales tax; there are no hidden fees, no “special” taxes, no just-plain-odd additions to your bill. Our monthly payment is and always has been exactly two times $26.75, or $53.50.Now let’s turn to Virgin Mobile’s Achilles Heel: coverage. Virgin Mobile uses the Sprint network only; there is no roaming (and therefore no roaming charges). This was my main cause of concern and it will be a deal breaker for many people. Their map indicated that we should be all right in Eastern Iowa, but what was reality– and what about traveling?

First, coverage has been great at home and around Eastern Iowa. We’ve traveled to Western Iowa, but, since we stayed on main highways, we’ve had no problems. I went to Detroit for a week and had no problems (this is good because I depend on Android’s Navigator to get around). In actuality we don’t travel much, but the one time we had no coverage was when we went to Fairbanks, Alaska. This wasn’t a surprise and we prepared for this eventuality by drawing upon all our pre-cellphone skills from the ancient days. We have Virgin Mobile’s LG Optimus V phones.